Egypt’s ports have a rich historical tapestry dating back to antiquity. Among them, Port Said guards the northern entrance to the Suez Canal, while Alexandria Port stands as one of the oldest and largest in Egypt. Damietta specializes in container handling and transshipment, and the Port of Suez serves as a global trade linchpin. Ain Sokhna, a rapidly growing container port, offers proximity to Cairo, while Port Said East complements the Suez Canal’s operations. El Dekheila extends Alexandria’s reach. These ports, with their historical significance and modern infrastructure, are pivotal in Egypt’s economy and international trade, connecting the nation to the world.

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Port Said


Location: Port Said, at the northern entrance of the Suez Canal

Located near the northern end of the Suez Canal, Port Said is a historic port city. It serves as a critical point for vessels transiting the canal and is a key link between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Port Said handles a wide range of cargo, including containers, bulk goods, and petroleum products, contributing significantly to Egypt’s international trade.

Alexandria Port

Location: Alexandria, on the Mediterranean coast

Alexandria Port is one of Egypt’s largest and oldest ports. A major centre of domestic and international commerce due to its prime position on the Mediterranean coast. The port specializes in various types of cargo, including containers, general cargo, and grain shipments. Its efficient infrastructure and access to major road and rail networks make it a cornerstone of Egypt’s trade network.

Port of Damietta

Location: Damietta, on the Mediterranean coast

The Port of Damietta is one of Egypt’s major ports with a focus on container handling. It is renowned for its modern facilities and efficient logistics, attracting global shipping companies. Damietta Port plays a crucial role in Egypt’s economic growth, facilitating trade not only for Egypt but also for countries in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Port of Suez

Location: Suez, at the southern entrance of the Suez Canal


The Port of Suez, situated at the southern entrance of the Suez Canal, is a key node in global maritime trade. It provides a link between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, making it one of the busiest transit ports in the world. Because of the variety of containerized, bulk, and energy cargo it processes, the port plays an important role in the Egyptian economy and worldwide trade.

Port of Ain Sokhna

Location: Ain Sokhna, on the Red Sea coast

The Port of Ain Sokhna is strategically located on the Red Sea coast, offering an alternative route for shipping traffic to and from the Red Sea. It has rapidly developed into a major container port and industrial hub. Ain Sokhna’s proximity to Cairo, Egypt’s capital, makes it an ideal choice for logistics and manufacturing industries.

Port of Port Said East

Location: Port Said East, at the northern entrance of the Suez Canal

Port Said East, at the northern end of the Suez Canal, is an advanced container facility. It focuses on container handling and serves as an important transshipment hub for goods passing through the Suez Canal. The port’s modern infrastructure and efficient operations contribute to Egypt’s role as a key player in global trade.

Egypt’s major ports are not just gateways to the Mediterranean but also essential components of the nation’s economic infrastructure. Their strategic locations, modern facilities, and historical significance contribute significantly to Egypt’s prosperity and its role as a global trade hub. As Egypt continues to expand and modernize its ports, these gateways will remain vital to the nation’s growth and its connections to the world.

Related FAQs

A voyage data recorder’s (VDR) primary job is to save a store of information on the whereabouts, motion, physical condition, command, and control of a vessel before and after an occurrence in a safe and retrievable format.


A voyage data recorder (VDR) and a simplified voyage data recorder are identical (S-VDR). The quantity of information that must be documented differs. Compared to the S-VDR, the VDR requires more data to be captured. It is a private interface used to control the trip data recorder.


The law mandates that current cargo ships of 3,000 gross tons and above must be equipped with a VDR, which may be an S-VDR. This requirement is phased in, starting with cargo ships of 20,000 gross tons and higher and moving on to cargo ships of 3,000 and more elevated.


The VDR is housed in a tamper-proof storage container that is strengthened to withstand high pressure, heat, impact, and other environmental factors that could be present during a marine catastrophe. Among the information a VDR gather is GPS-based location, time, and date.


The maker or a person authorized by the manufacturer must conduct the yearly testing of VDR/S-VDR required by SOLAS rule V/20.


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